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E25

Enigma ID E25
Name Rebeat
Frequencies 6140, 9450, 18240
Status Active
Voice Female automated and Live Male, with Arabic accent, the last digit in the groups is inflected
Emission mode AM, USB, USB + carrier
Location Egypt

egypt_flag

Activity pages

E25 is an Egyptian number station.

Format

  1 - 3 minutes
Music
or
1 kHz tone
780 Message,
Message,
Message
9049 4001 ... 5663 9210 Rebeat,
Rebeat,
Rebeat
9049 4001 ... 5663 9210 End of message End of transmission
Optional 3-digit ID   4-digit single groups   4-digit single groups    

The preamble may occasionally take form of a 3-digit group, followed by an E25a string. The first 3-digit group denotes a recipient of the full, 4-digit group message. The second 3-digit group denotes a recipient of the E25a message. When the transmission contains an E25a string, there might be an additional string of one or two digits repeated five times, altogether packed in the preamble section, as shown in the following example:

672 675 83 67 67 67 67 67

The groups in the 4-digit messages can be arranged in different formats, depending on the ID used. The serial number increases with every new message for each ID. The serial number is reset occasionally on January 1st.

The music intro used depends on the ID. For example, the ID's in the 83# range use the Umm Kulthum song "انت عمري" (Enta Omri). Another common Umm Kulthum song used as the intro is أروح لمين (Arouh Limin). Sometimes pieces of music can be heard after or during a transmission, or even as standalone transmissions with no message to follow. In this last case, they are believed to be test transmissions and they have a more extensive music library, although the artist is almost always Umm Kulthum.

Scheduling

E25 uses 2 timeframes for its transmissions: 700-1200 UTC on 6140KHz and aimed at Middle East, and 1200-1500 UTC 9450KHz aimed at southern Europe. There seems to be a relation between the start time of a transmission and the ID used, transmissions using the same ID usually transmit at around the same time (see this page).

Behind the scenes

Transmissions on E25 are very erratic and filled with mistakes, which in some cases may lead to an unreadable copy. Mistakes include, but are not limited to: transmitting the wrong message for the wrong ID and at the wrong time, transmission breaks and restarts, computer sounds and mistuned transmitters. 

The station uses a computer running Windows 7 to generate the numbers and music, and the audio from the stereo mix driver is fed directly into the transmitter. This causes a large amount of sounds being leaked into the transmission, ranging from Windows sounds (including sounds from built-in games like Spider Solitaire), to Quran reciting and music. When the transmission is made live, however, no sounds from the computer are leaked; instead, distant chatting or paper crumbling from the operator can be heard if the reception is good enough. Live operators also tend to swap the order of digits due to right-to-left reading in Arabic.

The station is known to have at least two transmitters: One main AM transmitter used for regular transmissions, and one SSB transmitter set to USB mode. The SSB transmitter is only used for backup and appears to be tied to the use of live voice. The AM transmitter also has a much longer warmup procedure, taking up to 30 seconds, while the SSB transmitter is turned on almost instantly. Both transmitters have been heard in the past transmitting at the same time and with different audio feeds[1].

History

E25 was first reported in January 2001, initially using live male (and occasionally female) operators. In fact, one of the female operators donated its voice to create the current automated female voice.[2] In 2007, the current automated voice was introduced, and at the same time the E25b variant ceased to exist in favor of this new system. The automated voice was initially created using a computer running Windows 98, which was upgraded to Windows XP in late 2010[3] and to Windows 7 in early 2016. Nowadays, live operators are sporadically used for transmissions.

Up to at least 2014, the music used as intro was played back from tapes, which were occasionally heard being played fast-forward. Nowadays the music also comes from the computer generating the voice.

E25 has been using 9450khz since it was first discovered. However, no transmissions have been logged on that slot since June 2016. In 2007 the lower frequency, 6140khz, was discovered. In March 2014 two transmissions were made on 18240khz, using the ID 165[4]. It has not been heard in this frequency ever since.

References

  1. HFSurfing, 16 december 2007: Double transmissions... twice!
  2. HFSurfing, 19 October 2007: E25 has a young lady
  3. HFSurfing, 2 December 2010: An interesting transmission with an exciting ending
  4. Numbers and Oddities Newsletter #198, March 2014, page 9