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HM01

Enigma ID HM01
Name
Frequencies 9065, 9155, 9240, 9330, 10345, 10715, 10860, 11435, 11462, 11530, 11635, 12180, 13435, 14375, 16180, 17480
Status Active
Voice Female (Spanish)
Emission mode AM; RDFT
Location Havana, Cuba

Flag_Cuba

Activity pages

HM01 is a Cuban number station operated by the DGI.

Transmission format:

3 minutes   20 minutes
01441 68532 35731 30038 48409 70208 Tone 01441 RDFT 68532 RDFT 35731 RDFT 30038 RDFT 48409 RDFT 70208 RDFT
Six 5-digit message headers   First header   Second header   Third header   Fourth header   Fifth header   Sixth header  

The messages transmitted by HM01 are computer files with 8-digit names and either .TXT, .F1C, or .F1G as the file extension. The files consist of unidentified binary data. The 5-digit headers consist of the last 4 digits of the file name, followed by a single digit age counter.

RDFT (short for Redundant Digital File Transfer) is an off-the-shelf open source system, initially intended for amateur radio use. The DGI uses DIGTRX to transmit and receive it.

Scheduling

HM01 broadcasts the same set of six messages on all schedules, starting at 16:00 UTC, and concluding at 10:00 UTC the following day. Each one hour schedule of HM01 consists of two airings, on the hour and at the half hour, with a period of silence in between.

HM01 rotates its messages on a daily basis. When a message is new on the given slot, its counter (the last digit of the header) is set to 1. On the second day, the counter is still set to 1. From the third day onwards, the counter is incremented by one with each day. The day after the counter reaches 8, the message is replaced.

Operation quirks

HM01 shares transmission centers with the Cuban international broadcaster Radio Havana Cuba. It is not uncommon for RHC to be unintentionally broadcast on HM01's frequencies, and vice versa.

The audio for HM01 is provided by a computer running Windows XP, the sound effects of which are occasionally heard before transmissions.

History

HM01 was first heard on 17 November 2012, initially on some of the V02a and M08a schedules that had existed at the time. The current HM01 schedule was developed starting in December 2012, and has not been changed since early 2015.

From 1 November 2018 until 10 January 2021, HM01 updated its messages sporadically: the files were repeated day after day with unchanged counters for prolonged periods of time, usually for a few months each.